Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems (OSHMS)

Figure 1: OSH elements

OSHMS in the Organisation

Occupational safety and health (OSH), including compliance with the OSH requirements pursuant to national laws and regulations, and practice, is the responsibility and duty of the employer. The employer shall show strong leadership and commitment to OSH activities in the organisation, and make appropriate arrangements for the establishment of an OSHMS. The system shall contain the main elements of policy, organising, planning and implementation, evaluation and action for improvement (Figure 1). These categories are:


Include activities related to the development of the organisation’s OSH policy statement and structures and practices that insure active and meaningful worker participation in OSH arrangement.


Addresses the establishment of OSH responsibilities and accountabilities structures, a training system, competency definitions, documentation practices and a communication system.

Planning & Implementing

Addresses those activities associated with the fulfilment of the principles expressed in the OSH policy statement. These activities include the initial assessment of the OSH arrangement that then support the actual system planning, development and implementation functions.


Addresses those functions associated with measuring the management system’s performance. This involves the development of performance monitoring and measurement protocols, investigation practices for accidents, auditing methods and management review arrangement.

Action for Improvement

Addresses issues associated with preventive/corrective actions and continual improvement. With the information obtained from performance monitoring and measurement, investigations, audits, and management review, appropriate prevention/corrective and continual improvement actions can be taken.

Source: Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems

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